Acceptance is the act of consenting to receive something that is offered. Focusing on an individual’s acceptance, it falls under the realm of judging their adequacy, their validity and whether this can make them conform to the norms. Acceptance is a scale, and controls it. One’s acceptance can either be based on their character or […]


Marginalization, according to Webster, is [tome_reference id=”1607″ biblio-id=”1542″]“the treatment of a person, group, or concept as insignificant or peripheral.” [/tome_reference]In the text, the recurrent marginalization of ethnic minorities in Greek are defined in terms of the binary relationship of [tome_reference id=”1603″ biblio-id=”1600″]“Hellenism” and “Greekness.”[/tome_reference] Given Greek’s historical standing as[tome_reference id=”1602″ biblio-id=”1600″] “the cradle of Western […]


Natalie Zervou speaks of certain approach associated with Greek nationality identity. One such approach is ‘Hellenism’. The word ‘Hellenism’ comes from the name Hellen. Hellen,according to Greek mythology, [tome_reference id=”1594″ biblio-id=”1589″]is the person from which all Greeks originate[/tome_reference]. Zervou defines Hellenism as, [tome_reference id=”3851″ biblio-id=”1600″]“the glorified and idealized aspects of ancient Greek history, including claims […]

Legal limbo

[tome_reference id=”1572″ biblio-id=”1511″]The state of “legal limbo” is a term invented by legal anthropologist Heath Cabot, which identifies “precarious position between undocumented, paperless illegality, and “refugee” status” of an individual[/tome_reference] (175). In Bodies of Silence and Resilience: Writing Marginality Natalie Zervou explores the relationship between the concept of Greek national identity as “an appropriation of […]


I think that the reading that caught my attention the most was the one about the organization El Sistema Greece, because it is about the organization we are going to work with throughout the next few days. According to the founder of this organization, Anis Barnat, part of the vision for his/her project is [tome_reference […]

Legal Limbo

In both the articles written by Natalie Zervou, the term legal limbo really catches my attention. The word ‘limbo’ is a Roman Catholic term which refers to [tome_reference id=”1555″ biblio-id=”1553″]“a place for infants who die after birth and before baptism”[/tome_reference]. Another word used to describe this state is ‘gray area’ because it is not certain […]


“Undocumented” and “illegal” are the words that are the most closely related to “immigrant” in Fragments of the European Refuge Crisis by Natalie Zervou. These words seems to add another layer to the definition of immigrant on the Oxford Dictionaries, which is[tome_reference id=”1547″ biblio-id=”1521″] “a person who comes to live permanently in a foreign country.”(“Immigrant”)[/tome_reference] […]


Disappear is defined as [tome_reference id=”1544″ biblio-id=”1542″]“to cease to be: pass out of existence or notice,”[/tome_reference] according to the Merriam Webster dictionary and is used quite powerfully in this paper. Although used scarcely, its subtle yet strong use was quite distinct and represented the harsh reality of the immigrant crisis in Europe and the seemingly common […]


In current years Greece has fallen victim to both a financial and a refugee crisis. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, [tome_reference id=”1523″ biblio-id=”1521″]a crisis is a time of intense difficulty or danger[/tome_reference] (online). [tome_reference id=”1526″ biblio-id=”1524″]A financial crisis, then, is a time when an individual or group (company, country or region) experiences a time […]

The railing

According to Natalie Zervou, the image of the railing (a fence made of rails) presents a strong metaphor in the performance titled Bodies of Resilience, which revolves around immigrant experience in Greece. In the performance, people are “[tome_reference id=”1513″ biblio-id=”1511″]holding on to the railings[/tome_reference]” (177), which opens up various interpretations and their implications. Zervou thinks […]


“Marginalization” refers to [tome_reference id=”1508″ biblio-id=”1134″]“treatment of a person, group, or concept as insignificant or peripheral.”[/tome_reference] In the text of the article “Bodies of Silence and Resistance: Writing Marginality” by Natalie Zervou, “marginalization” refers to the advocacy of cultural and linguistic lineage and the resulting inferior position of non-native Greek-speaking ethnic groups—in other words, the ethnic […]


Migration is the movement of people, animals or things from one place to another due to some factors. The reasons for migration can be economic, social, political or environmental. There are usually push factors and pull factors at work. Migration can be internal or international. Internal migration is when people or things migrate within the […]


The body is the physical framework of an animal, dead or alive. It is inclusive of the bones, flesh and organs. In the Fragments of the European Refugee Criss: Performing Displacement and the Re-Shaping of Greek Identity, Zervou explains that the refugees in Greece who do not speak Greek only have their bodies as their […]


Natalie Zervou provides what is a western definition of pain, and that is “a lonely thing.” It is difficult to determine exactly what this means, but it hints at the fact that westerners associate pain, which in context is not just physical pain, to loneliness or lacking support. Even so, with regards to performance, Zervou […]


Greekness “Greekness” is a word that is coined to describe a version of the perceived Greek national identity. According to Natalie Zervou, Greekness [tome_reference id=”1484″ biblio-id=”1480″]“pertains to an understanding of Greek identity that acknowledges the multiple population shifts and incorporates the histories of ethnic minorities that are invisibilized in the dominant rhetoric”[/tome_reference] (175).  It is […]


The definition of the word “research” can be quite ambiguous, because of the two meanings that the prefix “re-” can have. First, it can mean to repeat something; do it again. Secondly, it can mean to do something with additional emphasis. Moreover, it can even have both meanings simultaneously. To clarify this ambiguity, it may […]


Risk can be defined as a situation that involves an exposure to danger. The term danger is very relative as it can mean something else at different moments or situations. Danger can either mean a physical harm, an emotion or even a mental harm. It truly depends on how an individual reacts to risk at […]


Katherine Profeta defines the word hybridity in reference to Ralph’s attraction. Ralph is a choreographer Profeta uses throughout her book.  [tome_reference id=”1402″ biblio-id=”1400″]Hybridity is something heterogeneous in origin or composition.[/tome_reference] In her book, Dramaturgy in Motion, Profeta refers to it as a mixture of people. She speaks of [tome_reference id=”1403″ biblio-id=”1365″]Ralph’s intercultural practice room that […]

Cultural Exchange

Cultural exchange is “[tome_reference id=”1359″ biblio-id=”1357″]a temporary reciprocal exchange of representatives, students, or artists between countries, with the aim of fostering goodwill and mutual understanding[/tome_reference]”. Katherine Profeta uses this term in the chapter Interculturalism in regards to her understanding of the role of a dramaturg in a culturally diverse setting. Profeta discusses Rustom Bharucha’s idea […]


In Dramaturgy in Motion, Katherine Profeta defines risk as the[tome_reference id=”1355″ biblio-id=”761″] “departure from a comfort zone”(201)[/tome_reference], and stated that the risks of intercultural collaborations can be the chance of embarrassment, frustration, disruption of lives, disapproval from those in one’s own cultural background, and, of course, physical risk. In the chapter Interculturalism, Profeta talks about […]


The word “crisis” has its roots in Greek word krisis, which is translated as “decision”. In English, Oxford dictionary defines crisis as both [tome_reference id=”1346″ biblio-id=”1278″]”A time of intense difficulty or danger” and “A time when a difficult or important decision must be made”[/tome_reference]. That is an unsafe situation in which an urgent and important […]

Dialogic Performance

While reading through Profeta’s book Dramaturgy in Motion, the term dialogic performance really caught my attention. According to The SAGE Handbook of Performance Studies, this term is defined as [tome_reference id=”1335″ biblio-id=”1333″]“a way of having intimate conversations with other people and cultures”[/tome_reference] (340).[tome_reference id=”1336″ biblio-id=”1333″] It is a kind of performance that demands empathy and […]


A motive is generally defined as a state of physiological or psychological arousal which influences how we behave. For example, a physiological arousal such as hunger, or thirst motivates us to get something to eat or drink. A psychological arousal such as the need for love and companionship motivates us to seek the company of […]


Defined as [tome_reference id=”1429″ biblio-id=”1424″]”a cross between two separate races, plants or cultures,”[/tome_reference] the term “hybridity” has become even more significant in the contexts of cultural and postcolonial studies. The possibility of establishing/dismantling paradigms and social conjectures based on mixtures and interchanges between cultures has sparked the interest of scholars, who have developed different theories to explain […]


“Hybridity”, as a noun, usually has the same meaning as “hybrid”. It refers to [tome_reference id=”1324″ biblio-id=”1166″]“a thing made by combining two different elements”[/tome_reference]. In the text of the “Interculturalism” of the book Dramaturgy in Motion by Katherine Profeta, “hybridity” refers to [tome_reference id=”3977″ biblio-id=”549″]the intersection and combination of different cultures, genders, and races in […]


The most resounding word I found in Anis Barnat’s (founder of El Sistema Greece) interview, was her repetitive use of community. In somewhat contrast the Webster definition of community being [tome_reference id=”1310″ biblio-id=”1278″]“a feeling of fellowship with others, as a result of sharing common attitudes, interests, and goals,”[/tome_reference] Barnat argues that this very sense of […]


Motives Motives refer to [tome_reference id=”1289″ biblio-id=”1287″]inner impulses that cause somebody to act in a particular way[/tome_reference], according to Oxford English Dictionary. In book Dramaturgy in Motion, Katherine Profeta describes motives as “including what assumptions are being made about what the other members of the collaboration represent within the conversation” (189). It is the reason why […]


Risk is quite an expansive term as it could have a variety of definitions in different scenarios. For example, Merriam-Webster defines risk as an “[tome_reference id=”1280″ biblio-id=”1278″]possibility of loss or injury” or “someone or something that creates or suggests a hazard”[/tome_reference] while Katherine Profeta defines risk as “a departure from a comfort zone.” (201) Profeta’s […]


To romanticise is to portray something in an unrealistic or exaggerated manner, making it more appealing or mysterious than it really is. To romanticise is not to be confused with the [tome_reference id=”1245″ biblio-id=”1243″]romanticism movement that occurred from the 1800s to 1850s, though the word has stemmed from the movement[/tome_reference]. In art and literature, romanticisation […]


Honeybee in Greek is Melissa. Melissa is a network in Athens that brings women from the migrant community together to start up better and new lives in Greece. [tome_reference id=”1217″ biblio-id=”1212″]The cofounder, Nadina Christopoulou views this network as a place where women, who have a more intense time in going through the experience of migration, […]

Tight Places

The phrase tight place is used throughout the book I Want To Be Ready: Improvised Dance As a Practice Of Freedom by the author Danielle Goldman who borrowed the phrase from Houston Baker, a scholar writing on African Americans’ struggles. According to Baker, tight places are defined to be “[tome_reference id=”1115″ biblio-id=”1111″]the always ambivalent cultural […]


In dance, choreography has come to mean,[tome_reference id=”1132″ biblio-id=”1129″] “the art or practice of designing sequences of movements of physical bodies (or their depictions) in which motion, form, or both are specified.”[/tome_reference] This definition finds new meaning in Danielle Goldman’s I Want To Be Ready, as it explores the relationship of the body in dance […]


[tome_reference id=”1101″ biblio-id=”1094″]Improvisation refers to something that is created spontaneously or without preparation[/tome_reference]. [/tome_reference]The term is generally associated with the absence of deliberation. [tome_reference id=”1102″ biblio-id=”1094″]Due to its spontaneity, it usually results in creative invention and action.[/tome_reference] In the arts, it is seen in performance showing the skill and creativity of the artist be it […]


Danielle Goldman uses the word ‘falling’ when speaking of the non-violence training that activists take part in. According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary f[tome_reference id=”1066″ biblio-id=”1064″]alling is the action of dropping oneself to a lower position[/tome_reference]. But, in the case of the activists it means forming a ball with your body or being lifeless. Goldman uses […]


  This term can be defined as a piece of art that is created without preparation. It focuses on a wide range of art forms such as music, drama, dance and many more. It is usually referred to creating or composing something on the fly. There is a common misconception that improvisation is random or […]


Also referred as demonstrations, protests have occurred in various instances throughout history in different places. As part of my engagement with the book “I Want To Be Ready: Improvised Dance as a Practice of Freedom,” I decided to choose the word “protest” for this essay. Defined as [tome_reference id=”1052″ biblio-id=”1010″]”an organized public demonstration expressing strong objection […]


In Danielle Goldman’s I Want To Be Ready scholar examines improvisation in dance. Accordingly to the author improvisation is [tome_reference id=”1016″ biblio-id=”884″]”a spontaneous mode of creation that takes place without the aid of manuscript or score”[/tome_reference]. That is, explored in the context of dance practices, improvisation is the simultaneous action of performance and composition. As […]

Cultural Affiliation

In this assignment, I chose a term, rather than one keyword, that was used in Profeta’s final chapter, Interculturalism. In order to introduce a general definition to the term, I will break down the word into its’ two distinct parts; culture is defined as [tome_reference id=”978″ biblio-id=”972″]‘the customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits of […]


Dance is practiced in many forms and for many reasons, including social, educative, political and therapeutic reasons. Studying the aesthetics of dance one of the many ways to approach it, in order to better understand what is and why it matters to people. Dictionary of Merriam-Webster define dance as, “[tome_reference id=”965″ biblio-id=”905″]to move one’s body rhythmically […]


Vocabulary, according to the Oxford Dictionaries, is [tome_reference id=”952″ biblio-id=”553″]“the body of words used in a particular language” and “a range of artistic or stylistic forms, techniques, or movements”[/tome_reference]. In Dramaturgy in Motion, Katherine Profeta also mentioned “movement vocabularies”, and these vocabularies, as she clarified, [tome_reference id=”953″ biblio-id=”599″]“are not strictly sexual or physical but rather […]


Transgressive is the word that really caught my attention while reading Danielle Goldman’s book “I Want to be Ready”. It is defined as anything that involves the [tome_reference id=”943″ biblio-id=”941″]“violation of moral or social values”[/tome_reference]. This term tends to change with different cultures, religions and parts of the world so it is very possible that […]


Empathy is the ability to understand and share the feelings of another individual. It can be viewed as putting oneself in the shoes of another. In Dramaturgy in Motion, Profeta uses the term kinaesthetic empathy, an empathy that arises through motion. The idea of kinaesthetic empathy states that the way an individual is able to […]


“Anatomy” usually refers [tome_reference id=”915″ biblio-id=”589″]“to the branch of science concerned with the bodily structure of humans, animals, and other living organisms, especially as revealed by dissection and the separation of parts” or “the bodily structure of an organism” as a scientific term, or “a study of the structure or internal workings of something” as […]


From the class, How Movement Makes Meaning, choreography has been defined in various ways. These are: vision translated into motion, transference of embodied knowledge, structure, design, relationship, movements with intent, and sequence. Although the definitions are limited to single phrases and words, they reveal the fact that choreography can be viewed in various ways. However, it […]


[tome_reference id=”1136″ biblio-id=”1134″]Hybridity refers to the act of combining different elements or being of mixed character[/tome_reference]. [tome_reference id=”1140″ biblio-id=”1138″]Cultural hybridity then implies a mixture of a set of traits that are made up of distinct cultural entitie[/tome_reference][tome_reference id=”1141″ biblio-id=”1138″]s[/tome_reference].  It is strongly related to themes of interculturalism, and post-colonial theory. In performance, cultural hybridity is […]


Hybridity Hybridity refers to mixture. It implies an action of combining two or more different elements together and come up with on one unit, a fusion. In Katherine Profeta’s book hybridity is used in the realm of dance style formation out of distinct varieties. Its production comes through a process of recursive translation. Katherine recounts […]


Indecipherable describes a piece of language that is difficult or impossible to understand or attain meaning from. It can be  defined as not being able to be read or understood. Something that is not understandable and not possible to deduce what the words or language are about. In Dramaturgy in Moton, Jones stated that Paxton […]


Human perception is defined as [tome_reference id=”779″ biblio-id=”777″]“a way of regarding, understanding, or interpreting something”[/tome_reference]. In the context of an audience perception, Katherine Profeta in Dramaturgy In Motion, explains perception as something based on what an audience member already knows and recognizes, arguing that, “we need to have a learnt what a glass is first […]


Katherine Profeta does not exactly define the word fragment in her book Dramaturgy in Motion: At Work on Dance and Movement Performance, but instead, she mentions what a role of a fragment is and how does it exist within the process of research. According to Cambridge Dictionary, a fragment is “[tome_reference id=”755″ biblio-id=”752″]a small piece […]


[tome_reference id=”1150″ biblio-id=”1144″]According the Oxford English Dictionary, an advocate is someone who acts in someone else’s behalf[/tome_reference]. In terms of the performing arts, the dramaturg is sometimes presented as the audience’s advocate. However, this concept is highly debated as critics wonder whether the dramaturg is truly the advocate as then cannot really know thoroughly the […]

Active Archive

In her book, Dramaturgy in Motion, Katherine Profeta uses the phrase ‘active archive’. She does this in reference to her research and how she gathers information for future use. The word archive, as defined by Merriam-Webster, means [tome_reference id=”721″ biblio-id=”719″]a repository or collection of information.[/tome_reference] An archive refers to a place that preserves historical documents. […]


The term mourning can be defined as the expression of deep sorrow that shows pain. It is usually dedicated to someone who has passed away. It can be expressed through many forms, such as crying. Whereas, others can express their pain and shock through wailing out loud, and on the other end of the spectrum, […]


To perceive someone or something as doing or being a particular thing is your opinion that they do this thing or that they are that thing. In other words, it is to become aware of something using one of the sense, especially that of sight. Cambridge dictionary defines perception as, “[tome_reference id=”991″ biblio-id=”880″]to come to an opinion about something, or […]


Katherine Profeta’s second chapter focuses on the connection between research and the role of the dramaturg. In her portrayal of the relationship between the two, she breaks down the definition of the term ‘research’ quite profoundly; she dissects the word into two categories, as ‘[tome_reference id=”564″ biblio-id=”549″]an act of compilation’[/tome_reference] (62) and as [tome_reference id=”566″ […]


In the second and the third chapters of Dramaturgy in Motion: At Work on Dance and Movement Performance, Katherine Profeta speaks about research and audience, and how these two constructions relate to dance dramaturgy. While these two parts are seemingly different in their aspects, they might be united by one in the concept of knowledge. […]

Trance Dance

The word trance, as defined in the Oxford Dictionary, is a ‘[tome_reference id=”3871″ biblio-id=”553″]half conscious state that is characterized by an absence of response to external stimuli[/tome_reference]’. [tome_reference id=”623″ biblio-id=”558″]Trance dance traditionally comes from the African San community who regard it as a ‘healing dance for individual and the community’[/tome_reference]. This dance is performed in many […]


[tome_reference id=”591″ biblio-id=”589″]“Fragment”[/tome_reference], as a noun, usually refers to “a small part broken off or separated from something” or “an isolated or incomplete part of something”, while as a verb, it refers to “break or cause to break into fragments”. In the text of the section “Research” of the book Dramaturgy in Motion by Katherine […]


Narrative, according to the Oxford dictionary, is [tome_reference id=”529″ biblio-id=”462″]“a spoken or written account of connected events” [/tome_reference]or simply, “stories told through language.” The core idea being, expression in words is a prerequisite for narrative. In Dramaturgy In Motion, Katherine Profeta challenges this notion, bringing forth an alternative proposition of “textless and abstract expression” wherein […]


Under the intriguing discussion of Audience and the inevitably crucial relationship between the audience and the performers, Katherine Profeta includes the aspect of humor within the book, Dramaturgy in Motion: At Work on Dance and Movement Performance. The major terms utilized by Profeta, which potentially, define what humor is, are “funny” “punchline” and “playful use […]


Katherine Profeta has given two definitions of the word research in Dramaturgy in Motion in the chapter Research. The first definition is[tome_reference id=”500″ biblio-id=”382″] “to search again”, or, “the action of retracing steps”(62)[/tome_reference], and the aim is to organize existing information according to already established means of understanding. That material compiled then becomes ‘research’, the […]


Invitation Invitation means the action of inviting someone to go somewhere or to do something according to Oxford English Dictionary. In the book of Katherine Profeta, it refers to the dancers’ intention to bring the audience into the theater and watch their performance. It is a kind of attitude the performers and choreographers have towards […]


Assimilation is most commonly defined as [tome_reference id=”464″ biblio-id=”462″]”the process of adapting or adjusting to the culture of a group or nation”[/tome_reference]. In We Refugees, Hannah Arendt persistently employs words such as [tome_reference id=”474″ biblio-id=”426″]“adjust”[/tome_reference], [tome_reference id=”475″ biblio-id=”426″]“change”[/tome_reference] and [tome_reference id=”476″ biblio-id=”426″]“fit”[/tome_reference] – all alluding to the notion of assimilation – a highly pertinent, yet […]


A refugee is defined as a [tome_reference id=”907″ biblio-id=”905″]‘person who has been forced to leave their native country to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster,[/tome_reference]’according to the Merriam-Webster online dictionary. However, in Agamben’s ‘We Refugees,’ The refugee is conveyed as a symbol through which it is [tome_reference id=”899″ biblio-id=”726″]“possible today to perceive the forms and […]


  The first thought on this…well… It is a controversial term to most. But not so to Hannah Arendt who utilizes the term ‘suicide’ under “We Refugees” within the book Altogether Elsewhere edited by Marc Robinson, to mean freedom; a negative liberty. Arendt mentions that, [tome_reference id=”404″ biblio-id=”402″]“we became witnesses and victims of worse terrors […]


In her book, Dramaturgy in motion at work on dance and movement performance, Katherine Profeta provides an insightful introduction of this term, giving various definitions to it as per its history. Mind you that I assumed the word meant, a spectator or some kind of audience. However, Profeta first introduces the term as “what is […]


In our modern days, global society faces an urgent “refugees problem,” which have appeared to be an important issue in the middle of the twentieth century and still remains relevant nowadays. When refugee situation arises, it is important to agree on the meaning behind the word refugee, for different scholars add different shades to the […]


Fluidity is defined as the [tome_reference id=”883″ biblio-id=”880″]‘quality of being likely to change repeatedly and unexpectedly,’[/tome_reference]according to the Cambridge English dictionary. Katherine Profeta uses this definition of fluidity in her book, ‘Dramaturgy in Motion: at work on Dance and Movement Performance,’ to explain the dynamic and evolving role of a dramaturg. She argues that we […]


The common understanding of the term refugee can be referred to an individual who has been forced out of their country in order to survive a calamity. They end up residing in another country, but this is nothing that they can call home. For most refugees, they end up living in camps that entail a […]


Oscillation has multiple definitions in the Merriam-Webster dictionary. [tome_reference id=”1261″ biblio-id=”1259″]It can be described as a flow of electricity changing periodically, a single swing from one extreme limit to another, or simply as a state of variation[/tome_reference]. In the context of Dramaturgy in Motion, oscillation is the fluctuation between two states. Profeta describes oscillation as […]


Suicide is the act of killing oneself intentionally and voluntarily. According to the American Psychological Association,[tome_reference id=”1269″ biblio-id=”1266″] it is considered to be the result of depression or some other mental illness[/tome_reference]. [tome_reference id=”1273″ biblio-id=”1270″]The World Health Organisation regards suicide as a serious public health problem.[/tome_reference] In Arendt’s We Refugees, she explains how the first […]


The term dramaturg can be referred to as the art or technique of dramatic composition and theatrical representation. Once a composition is made, by simply following it in certain format, one is able to perform a piece in a specific manner that gives out a clear message to audiences. The texts addresses Brecht’s model in […]


Katherine Profeta uses the word ‘skeleton’ to define the concept of dramaturgy in her book Dramaturgy in Motion. The definition of the skeleton as stated by the Merriam-Webster dictionary is [tome_reference id=”434″ biblio-id=”432″]something forming a structural framework or reduced to its essential parts[/tome_reference]. This describes the core of what dramaturgy is. Profeta uses ‘skeleton’ when […]


Katherine Profeta’s Dramaturgy in Motion: At Work On Dance and Movement Performance centers on the dramaturgy. To begin with, it is really hard to give the general definition of dramaturgy drawing upon the writer’s work, for it presents various definitions from different field professionals (Gotthold Ephraim Lessing or Bertolt Brecht, for instance) and looks on […]


A refugee, according to the UN Refugee Agency, is someone who is unable to return to their native country in fear of persecution. Reasons for this persecution include: race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion. An example of a refugee would be a Polish man who fled to America or […]


[tome_reference id=”1160″ biblio-id=”1158″]The role of a choreographer is to work with dancers in developing ideas into a finished performance.[/tome_reference] The tasks of the choreographer have changed with the introduction of dramaturgy with there being a more reflective approach to creating the performance. [tome_reference id=”1163″ biblio-id=”1161″]Australian Dance Theatre’s artistic director, Garry Stewart remarked “Previously choreographers were potentially […]


[tome_reference id=”1168″ biblio-id=”1166″]The word free is defined as the ability to act as one wishes not under the control of the other[/tome_reference]. To be free can be directly ties to the term agency. There is not a set way to define agency as with most anthropological concepts it is relative. [tome_reference id=”1175″ biblio-id=”1173″]However, in a […]


Although Webster’s definition of dramaturgy affirms that dramaturgy is “the art or technique of dramatic composition and theatrical representation” (3), comprehending the definition of the word “dramaturg” is not so simple as affirming that the dramaturg is the professional that practices dramaturgy. The definition of this word is, in fact, more nuanced, hence also reflecting […]


As a means of dealing with anti-Semitism and persecution throughout history, many Jews have resorted to assimilation into different cultures, societies and countries. The process of assimilation was defined by Park and E. W. Burgess in 1921 as the act of acquiring memories, sentiments and attitudes of a local or foreign group due to common […]

Enemy Alien

The keyword I chose for the present essay is enemy alien, which was mentioned several times in Hannah Arendt’s essay We Refugees.  According to the website, an enemy alien is a person living in a country at war with the country of which this person is a citizen. The term was first used right […]


Choosing the word “home” as a keyword from the article, “WE REFUGEES” by Hannah Arendt is not as simple as it looks. The definition of “Home” is more of subjective and it is quite hard to give a precise definition. By the virtue of most common words of advice, and in some case arguments, presented […]


The word dramaturg-weaver is not an official term concerning dramaturgy, therefore there is no definition that could be easily “googled”. It is used by Katherine Profeta in her book Dramaturgy in Motion: At Work on Dance and Movement Performance and it seems to be specifically coined for the context it was used in. The first […]


Oxford dictionary defines dramaturgy as, “[tome_reference id=”1014″ biblio-id=”941″]the craft or the techniques of dramatic composition.[/tome_reference]”  It is the study of writing dramatic texts and the representation of the main elements of drama on the stage. A specialist in dramaturgy, especially one who acts as a consultant to a theater company, advising them on possible repertory is […]

Concept Guard

While reading Dramaturgy in Motion, the phrase “concept guard” really caught my attention. The idea of concept guard is very similar to that of controlled media in which an authority or a powerful organization can control and manipulate what is being presented through these modes of communication. These concept guards can ensure a biased presentation […]

Demographic Anxiety

The keyword that I found very interesting is demographic anxiety. It is related to the stress and tension in a community due to a structural shift in the population. According to Oxford Scholarship, [tome_reference id=”694″ biblio-id=”637″]some of the reasons behind this type of anxiety might be the fear of losing national security or having a […]


“Redundancy” usually refers to [tome_reference id=”3887″ biblio-id=”1166″]“the state of being not or no longer needed or useful”; to be more specific, it means that “the state of being no longer in employment because there is no more work available” or “the inclusion of extra components which are not strictly necessary to functioning, in case of […]

Spoken words

Spoken words Katherine Profeta in the first chapter of her book Dramaturgy in Motion discusses the possible functions of spoken words in dance. Spoken words are oral language or language uttered in speech according to Oxford English Dictionary. Traditionally they rarely exist in dance performance because dance is in nature movement-based and soundless. In the […]


“Optimism” in Hannah Arendt’s “We Refugees” Optimism, according to Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary, refers to tendency to expect the best in all things, confidence in success, or belief that good will triumph over evil in the end. In Hannah Arendt’s article, this optimism describes refugees who think and speak cheerfully that “their whole former life had been passed in a kind of unconscious […]


Redundancy refers to[tome_reference id=”970″ biblio-id=”752″] “a situation in which something is unnecessary because it is more than is needed”[/tome_reference]. According to Katherine Profeta in Dramaturgy in Motion, the role of a dramaturg in dance and theater is redundant and overlapping to many existing roles like the director, choreographer, critic, producer, etc. This redundancy, as Profeta […]


The word “Optimism”, according to the definition from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus, is[tome_reference id=”966″ biblio-id=”880″] the quality of being full of hope and emphasizing the good parts of a situation, or a belief that something good will happen[/tome_reference]. In general, it has positive connotations being an admirable quality of people that brings […]


“Optimism” usually refers to [tome_reference id=”3874″ biblio-id=”1521″]“hopefulness and confidence about the future or the success of something”, “the doctrine, especially as set forth by Leibniz, that this world is the best of all possible worlds”, and “the belief that good must ultimately prevail over evil in the universe”.[/tome_reference] In the text of the article “We […]